What if we told you that 70% of the earth’s surface is covered with water – with 97% saltwater and 3% freshwater? And of the 3%, less than 1% is potable, and by 2030, the demand for water will exceed supply by 17%. But it’s not just overpopulation and climate change that are to blame.
South Africa’s municipal water treatment plants are in a critical state with only 7% complying with international benchmarks and standards. Adding to that, over 80% of industrial wastewater and municipal water is released back to nature untreated, polluting our oceans, dams, rivers, lakes, and groundwater supplies. One possible solution is desalination.
South Africa boasts a coastline of over 2500 kilometres, which can provide a climate-independent source of water for critical human needs and industry and agriculture. Desalination can be an effective solution to securing water supplies against the effects of a growing population and climate change.