South Africa’s Water Resources are Spent. We Cannot Meet Future water Demands
For over a century, Cape Town has relied on surface water diverted from the Berg, Riviersonderend, Palmiet and Steenbras to provide for this basic resource and service.
Whereas Gauteng receives water from the Vaal Dam and the Orange River, Day Zero is looming in drought-hit KZN where dams are low, and water loss is rife.
Many of South Africa’s water sources rely on rain which is not sustainable to meet future water demands. industry and municipal water pollution, population growth and drought, exacerbated by climate change, is sparking a water crisis of epic proportion. But the irony is that a whole sea of water laps at the shores of Cape Town and Durban.
South Africa boasts a coastline of over 2500 kilometres, which can provide a climate-independent source of water for critical human needs as well as industry and agriculture. With South Africa’s water crisis exposing a dire reality, desalination is an alternative and effective way to take the stress off our limited freshwater supplies and secure surplus water supplies against the effects of climate change, a growing population, and drought.