Recovering freshwater from saltwater
Mineral reduction and desalination are most efficiently and cost-effectively achieved using Reverse Osmosis technology in most applications.
Osmosis is when water flows naturally through a membrane from an area of low salt concentration to an area of high salt concentration.
Reverse Osmosis is the application of an external pressure higher than Osmotic Pressure; the flow of water is reversed. Water now flows from high to low salt concentration, creating a usable product or “fresh” water stream.
How much salt is passed or left behind can also be determined through the process design. Mineral removal is done for a variety of reasons to achieve a result that allows for the use of water produced and formally too mineral-laden to be used or reused in a specific application or industry.